This first service will be a primitive eucharist based on the Apostolic Tradition of Hippolytus (c.215). The eucharistic prayer No. 2 in The Book of Alternative Services (pp. 179, 196) of Canada is based on it. By this time the eucharist had been detached from the agapé or 'love feast' (1 Cor. 11.17-26) which had been replaced by a form of synagogue service with bible readings and psalms. Because there were no church buildings the eucharist was celebrated in a private house and was a fairly informal occasion. For this reason our service will be held in the parish hall. In the early stages the ministry was in a very tentative state and the host would normally have been the celebrant. By the time of Hippolytus the threefold ministry had emerged and the celebrant would usually be the bishop. There were no distinctive vestments and it was only after the fourth century when the long tunics and mantles abandoned by secular society were retained by the Church as the distinctive habit of the clergy. For music there were the Jewish psalms, some hymns adapted from pagan worship and a few Christian hymns. There were also chants for the service itself but they are not available to us.
1. Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; * for he hath visited and redeemed his people;
2. And hath raised up a mighty salvation for us, * in the house of his servant David;
3. As he spake by the mouth of his holy Prophets, * which have been since the world began;.
4. That we should be saved from our enemies, * and from the hands of all that hate us;
5 To perform the mercy promised to our forefathers, * and to remember his holy covenant;
6. To perform the oath which he sware to our forefather Abraham, * that he would grant us
7. That we being delivered out of the hands of our enemies * might serve him without fear,
8. In holliness and righteousness before him, * all the days of our life.
9. And thou, child, shalt be called the Prophet of the Highest: * for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways;
10. To give knowledge of salvation unto his people * for the remission of their sins;
11. Through the tender mercy of our God; * whereby the dsay-spring from on high hath visited us;
12. To give light to them that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death, * and to guide our feet into the way of peace.
Happy is the one whom God correcteth; therefore despise thou not the chastening of the Almighty.
For he maketh sore and bindeth up: he woundeth and his hands make whole.
The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise.
Unto God would I commit my cause; who doeth great things and unsearchable.
Why sayest thou, O Jacob, and speakest, O Israel: My way is hid from the Lord, and my right hand is passed over from my God ?
Hast thou not heard that the everlasting God fainteth not, neither is weary ?
He giveth power to the faint, and to him that hath no might he increaseth strength.
Even the youths shall faint and be weary; and the young men shall be powerless
But they that wait for the Lord shall renew their strength.
They shall mount up with wings as eagles: they shall run, and not be weary; they shall walk and not be faint.
Bishop: We raise our hand , O Lord (+), and pray that thy divine and lifegiving hand be raised for a blessing unto this people: for unto thee, eternal Father, have they bowed their heads, through thy only-begotten son, Jesus Christ, by whom all glory and might be unto thee in the Holy Ghost now and throughout all ages.
Almighty and everlasting God, who hast revealed thy glory unto all nations in Christ, preserve the work of thy mercy; that thy Church which is spread abroad throughout all the world may continue with a firm faith in the confession of thy holy name, through Jesus Christ our Lord, who with thee and the Holy Ghost liveth and reigneth, one God, throughout all ages. Amen.
Pray for the living, especially those of our brethren ... :
Pray for the sick, herein especially for ...
Pray for all away from home.
Lord in your mercy, Hear our prayer.
Pray for fair winds and the fruits of the earth;
pray for the due rising of the waters of the river;
pray for good showers and the harvest of the land.
Lord in your mercy. Hear our prayer
Pray for the safety of people and beasts;
pray for the safety of the world and of this city;
pray for all Christian rulers,
Lord in your mercy, Hear our prayer
Pray for all in captivity,
pray for all that are fallen asleep and herein ... :
pray for all them that are in affliction,
pray for the catechumens.
Lord in thy mercy, Hear our prayer
Let all those who have subjects for intercession proclaim them now;
Lord in your mercy, Hear our prayer
Thou, who are the source of all blessings, be with this congregation and with all its members, their families and their households; prosper them in their various callings and occupations, help them in their needs, and guide them in their difficulties.
Hear Thou the prayers of all who worship here this day, comfort the sorrowing and cheer the silent sufferers. Bless those who guide and serve this congregation, and those who contribute to its strength.
Reward with the joy of goodness the charitable and the merciful who aid the poor, care for the sick, teach the ignorant, and extend a helping hand to those who have lost their way in the world.
Fervently we invoke Thy blessing upon our country and our nation. Guard them, O God, from calamity and injury; suffer not their adversaries to triumph over them, but let the glories of a just, righteous and God-fearing people increase from age to age. Enlighten with thy wisdom and sustain with thy power those whom the people have set in authority and all who are entrusted with our safety and well being.
May peace and goodwill obtain among all the inhabitants of this land; may religion spread its blessings among us and exalt our nation in righteousness, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen.
The president will receive the gifts of bread and wine from the people. In ancient times it was common to dilute the wine with water, a custom which has carried over into the Church. It has no theological significance.
President: The Lord be with you.
People: And with thy spirit.
President: Lift up your hearts.
People: We lift them up unto the Lord.
President; Let us give thanks unto the lord
People: It is meet and right.
We give thee thanks, O God, through thy beloved Son, Jesus Christ, whom thou didst send to us in the last times to be a saviour and redeemer and the messenger of thy will; who is thy inseparable word, through whom thou madest all things, and in whom thou wast well pleased.
Thou didst send him from heaven into the Virgin's womb; he was conceived and was incarnate, and was shown to be thy Son, born of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin; who, fulfilling thy will and preparing for thee a holy people, stretched out his hands in suffering, that he might free from suffering them that believed on thee.
Who when he was being betrayed to his voluntary suffering, that he might destroy death, break the chains of the devil, tread hell underfoot, bring forth the righteous [therefore] and set a bound [to it], that he might manifest his Resurrection, took bread and gave thanks to thee and said: Take, eat, this is my body which is broken for you. Likewise also the cup, saying: This is my blood which is shed for you, as oft as ye do this ye shall do it in remembrance of me.
Wherefore we, being mindful of his death and resurrection, do offer unto thee this bread and this cup, giving thanks unto thee for that thou hast deemed us worthy to stand before thee as thy priest. And we beseech thee(1) that thou wouldst send thy Holy Spirit upon the oblation of thy holy Church; and that thou wouldst grant it to all the saints who partake, making them one, for the fulfilment of the Holy Spirit and for the confirming of their faith in the truth; that we may praise and glorify thee through thy Son Jesus Christ, through whom be glory and honour unto thee, to the Father and the Son with the Holy Spirit in thy Holy Church, both now and for ever. Amen.
Grant us, O Lord, thou lover of mankind, to call upon thee, our holy God and Father, which art in heaven, saying:
Our Father, which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name.
Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth as it is in heaven.
Give us this day our daily bread.
And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us.
And lead us not into temptation; but deliver us from evil. Amen.
President: Holy things for holy people.
People: There is one holy, one Lord Jesus Christ, to the glory of God the Father: to whom be glory for ever and ever.
We give you thanks, Holy Father, for your holy name, which you have made dwell in our hearts, and for the knowledge and faith and immortality, which you have made known to us through Jesus your servant; glory to you forever. You, almighty Master, have created all things for your name's sake, you have given us food and drink to enjoy, that we may give you thanks, but you have granted us spiritual food and drink and everlasting life through your servant. Above all, we praise you who are mighty; glory to you forever. Remember, Lord, your church, to save it from all evil and to make it perfect in your love, and gather it together in its holiness from the four winds, into your kingdom which you have prepared for it. For the power and the glory are yours forever. Let you favour come and this world pass away. Hosanna to the God of David! If any one is holy, let him come; if any one is not, let him repent. Lord , come quickly. Amen.
1. This invocation of the Holy Spirit, known technically as the Epiclesis, has always been considered to be an essential part of the eucharistic prayer.