September 2005 Issue No.4
On the Naming of Avenues in Carleton Heightsa special glimps into World War II
St Mark’s family members have long known that our parish was founded prim- arily by veterans shortly after the Second World War. Fewer are aware that several streets in the immediate neighbourhood were named for various locations, events or entities those veterans remembered with ghastly intimacy. Fewer still could explain the history behind such references. Where are those places, who fought those battles, why did someone argue for naming whole streets after them? Here, then, is a brief summary of the significance of the local avenues we have come to know, with the intent to help us know them a little better.
Carleton Heights - a small triangular region bordered by Fisher Avenue, Prince of Wales Drive and what was then just a ditch (now Meadowlands Drive East) — was one area in Ottawa set aside by the Veterans’ Land Act. The following is an excerpt from a story by Ron Corbett, published in the Ottawa Citizen on May 7, 2005, and entitled:
Serve Your Country, Receive A Home
The Veterans’ Land Act was passed in 1942. and it remains one of Canada’s greatest, and most treasured, wartime legacies.
The rationale behind the program was simple -- any person who had served their country in time of war would have a home waiting for them when they returned. By today’s standards, it is an almost quaint idea -- in return for defending and protecting the country, the country would defend and protect you.
“It was a marvellous piece of legislation, that had the veteran’s best interests at heart," says David MacDonald, a policy analyst with Veteran’s Affairs Canada, currently on second- ment to the Royal Canadian Legion.
Indeed, so seriously did the Canadian govern- ment take its duty to its veterans, there were even provisions of the VLA that made it impossible for a veteran to lose his house because of bankruptcy or other financial downturns.
“If you served your country, there was going to be a home for you,” says Mr. MacDonald. “That was the purpose of the VLA, and it was never changed or watered down.”
At its height in the mid- ‘60s, the VLA managed, owned or had lent money on more than 140.000 homes across Canada. Entire communities, like Carleton Heights in Ottawa, were created with VLA money.
Not every veteran qualified for a VLA home. If you were wealthy, you weren’t going to qualify. If you had served less than a year, you weren’t going to qualify.
But for many returning veterans, the VLA offered an opportunity to purchase their first home, and grab a small piece of post-war prosperity.
The last loan granted under the VLA was in March 1977, and today there are fewer than 200 active accounts. Still, the legacy of the program can be found in communities across Canada.
“The VLA did a lot of good for a lot of people,” says Mr. MacDonald. “It was govern- ment policy at its finest.”
To compliment this sterling example of political responsibility, the street names chosen for the new community of Carleton Heights represented shining examples of Canadian valour. Not necessarily victory … but great courage and self-sacrifice in the face of appalling suffering. These names were chosen as a lasting tribute to the men and women who walked those places, showed that courage, and who could now come home and share in the peace and freedom they had given so much of themselves to preserve.
Normandy, of course, will forever be associated with D-Day and “Operation Overlord” on June 6, 1944, when the Allies launched the largest invasion in history against Germany’s “Fortress Europe.” The 3rd Canadian Division landed on Juno Beach, with British forces taking Sword and Gold Beaches on opposite flanks. The 3rd Division was comprised of the North Shore (New Brunswick) Regiment, the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada, the Regina Rifle Regiment, the Winnipeg Rifles with C Company Canadian Scottish, the 8th Brigade with Fort Garry Tanks, the 7th Brigade with 1st Hussars Tanks, and 9th Brigade (reserve) with the Sherbrooke Fusiliers. Their primary objective was the city of Caen, just twelve short miles away; it took them over a month to get there, fighting every yard of the way.
D-Day was by no means the end. On July 24th, 1944, the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division launched “Operation Totalize,” their mission being to pinch off a German retreat through the Pocket of Falaise, also called the Falaise Gap. Losses on both sides were horrific, with so many corpses and wrecked machinery piled up that the roads were impassable and the whole area became known as the “Corridor of Death.” From the Canadian point of view, it was a massacre that quite possibly set the end of the war back a couple of months. (One archivist joked that the Americans have been blaming us for it ever since.) On August 20th the Canadian Grenadier Guards came to the aid of the hard-fighting Polish Armoured Division and prolonged the stalemate long enough for U.S. forces to finish the job on August 21st in “Operation Tractable.” Major David Currie of the South Alberta Regiment came away with a Victoria Cross.
Ortona is a small town on Italy’s east coast near Monte Cassino, nicknamed at the time “Little Stalingrad.” The 1st Canadian Division whipped Germany’s crack paratroopers in the first big street battle of the Italian campaign in December 1944. It was a frightening example of house-to-house fighting, sometimes even floor-to-floor fighting, mostly with grenades. The Canadians got so good at it that they were later asked to train other regiments in the “art.” This came to be known as the “Christmas Battle,” where groups of soldiers sat down to their holiday dinner while the fighting raged only a short distance away.
Apeldoorn was the last Canadian battlefield of the war and the setting for the liberation of Holland in May 1945. The 1st Canadian Corps was made up of the Royal Canadian Regiment, the Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment, the 48th Highlanders and the West Nova Scotia Regiment. Many Dutch prisoners were murdered by their German captors the very day before the Allies arrived. The German surrender on May 5th meant that the war had ended for Canada, even though “Victory in Europe” was not declared until three days later.
“Claymor,” with or without a final “e” as on some Ottawa maps, is not the name of a battle but rather of a battle tool. Originally, it referred to a huge two-handed Scottish broadsword in common use as late as the eighteenth century. It is also the name for an American-made mine first utilised in World War II and later refined for use in Vietnam. This explosive boasted a very specific radius, with flechette-style devastation; it could take out a full-sized army truck right through its armour. This was a favourite for assassination by planting it on a vehicle – especially on the steering column, where the driver would suffer the full force of the blast.
Senio is a river crossing in Italy. On December 21st, 1944, the Cape Breton Highlanders waged the Battle of Senio River, just north of the infamous Gothic Line. Italy has flat country only on the coasts, with the Apennine Mountains filling the centre of the peninsula like a huge backbone. The Axis controlled the high ground, and most battles took place near rivers, putting their enemies at a pronounced disadvantage almost every single time. It is a staggering fact that the Allies still managed to persevere and advance.
“Arnheim” is how the Germans spelled it, but most maps of Ottawa correctly use the original Dutch spelling of “Arnhem.” It was in this spot in Holland during September and October 1944 where “Operation Market Garden” took on the Rhine Front. Regrettably, the British/Canadian paratroopers landed too far from the Lower Rhine Bridge and were defeated with heavy losses. The failure at the Arnhem bridgehead ended all hope of capturing the German Rurh and finishing the war in 1944. This disaster was the subject of the movie “Bridge Too Far.” It was also here that the local women single-handedly earned a unique spot in the brutal chronicles of modern warfare. With all of their men either enlisted or sent to Nazi prison camps, nonetheless these wives and daughters rose up to take on the enemy. In a sudden revolt they attacked the occupying Germans with barge poles, knocked them into the river and pinned them under the water until they drowned.
I have found conflicting information on the HMCS Skeena. The Royal Canadian Navy had River-class frigates and Tribal-class or Town-class destroyers. The Skeena is a river in British Columbia, yet the ship is clearly identified as a destroyer, not a frigate. She was built in 1931, joined the rescue convoy in the evacuation of Dunkirk from May 27th to June 4th, 1940, helped to sink the German U-588 during the Battle of the Atlantic, and took part in “Operation Neptune,” the naval role on D-Day. In October 1944 she was wrecked off the coast of Reykjavik, Iceland.
The Melfa is another Italian river, this one in the Liri Valley near Roccasecca. On May 23rd, 1944, the 1st Canadian Corps broke the Hitler Line just east of Cassino, Rome’s last great bastion of defence. There was desperate fighting to establish a bridgehead over the Melfa, but with that success the major fighting in the Liri Valley was over. Ten days later, after the Canadians had been withdrawn from the area, the Allies entered Rome on June 4th, less than 48 hours before D-Day.
Stormont is the name for a famous Irish castle. It also refers to the even more famous Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders, based in Cornwall. This regiment belonged to the 3rd Canadian Infantry Division, 9th Brigade, and saw lots of action in the war; they were one of the reserve forces to the main D-Day assault and the first Canadians to enter Caen on July 9th, 1944.
Carleton Heights street names for which I could find no war connection are Valmarie and Minaki. If anyone has any clue to offer, it would be most welcome. Likewise, if anyone spots an error in the details presented herein, I would be pleased to hear about it. Facts can be obscured by time, but research is an ongoing quest for accuracy. I have been privileged to delve into a perilous chapter of human history which I did not have to experience personally, and to enjoy the access to data and the freedom to pursue it that peace, people in uniform and God’s grace have made possible.
A special thank-you to Gail Gillespie and Ruth Werbin, who inspired this journey of exploration
- Sheila Vaudrey
THE PASTOR'S PREAMBLE
NEW BEGINNINGS"And the one who was seated on the throne said,
'See, I am making all things new' "
Revelation 21:5 (NRSV)
Every season of the year brings with it distinct changes and new beginnings. This is one thing I like about living in a climate where the four seasons of the earth are marked by notable change. This summer the flower beds on our Church grounds have been kept so beautifully by Connie Bowerman, Helen McGill and Marion Stalter (with support and help always from Lorne Bowerman). After a very hot summer and the dispersion of people to cottages and rest from vigorous routines, many look forward to the cooler season of fall and the start-up of new activity.
As we anticipate a new beginning in our parish life this September, many opportunities are afforded for worship, prayer, study, fellowship and spiritual growth. In fact, this is part of living the vocation of our Baptism. It is to avail ourselves of every opportunity to grow into the fullness of the stature of Christ. This is how we cooperate with God in the promise God has made to us in Christ: to make us into a new creation, in spite of ourselves. This is part of what it means to be disciples of Jesus, making disciples.
Two of many books I read this summer, I recommend to everyone for reading: “Drawn into the Mystery of Jesus Through the Gospel of John” by Jean Vanier (Novalis Press, St Paul University, Ottawa, 2004), and “Loving Jesus” by Mark Allan Powell (Fortress Press, Minneapolis, 2004). They are both available at Canterbury House in Ottawa. For me they were very helpful for growing in my understanding and experience of faith.
Note our fall calendar of activities at St Mark’s. On Tuesday evenings in October, I will be hosting a four-part video series: “The Teachings of Jesus Put to the Test of Time.” These are four 28-minute videos filmed on four continents by Gateway Films/Vision Video from Great Britain. Worksheets with passages of Jesus’ teaching from the four Gospels and with discussion questions will be made available in the Church before each of these Tuesdays, for all who plan to participate. The topics being covered are: Commitment; Inner Peace; Money; and Forgiveness.
Consider in prayer your new beginnings this fall, in the worship, service and life of our parish. As we say at the conclusion of the Celebration of every Eucharist: Glory to God, whose power, working in us, can do infinitely more than we can ask or imagine! Glory to God from generation to generation, in the Church and in Christ Jesus, forever and ever. Amen.
- Roger Steinke +
The Patient Postulant
Hello to everyone at St Mark’s. Since completing my term as a parish intern, I have completed my studies at Saint Paul University and my time as a postulant. After graduating with the Masters in Pastoral Theology, I became a “candidate for ordination” or an “ordinand.” After some post-graduation R&R, I also became a stay-at-home mom! Paul and Elizabeth and Michael miss their friends at St Mark’s.
I am currently waiting until a parish placement becomes available before being ordained. The Episcopal Appointment Committee is scheduled to meet mid-September, and will make recommendations to the Bishop concerning appointments. As soon as I hear some news, I will let you know.
While transitioning from seminary to parish, I have had the opportunity to attend various churches in our Diocese, as well as to preach, preside and worship among a variety of congregations. As you know, you have in your Rector a diligent Christian, a fine preacher and a superb parish priest.
I have learned much from Roger, and most recently have heard him preach on the importance of personal piety. As he reiterated during Evensong at Holy Trinity, Lascelles, reading the Bible, spending time in prayer, and participating in your parish services and events are all important elements of our lives as disciples of Jesus Christ.
May St Mark’s continue to be a place where disciples make disciples, and where your faith in Jesus Christ flourishes. I hope to deliver more news for you all soon.
- Margo Whittaker
Celebrate Recovery ended with a song of praise on July 19, 2005. How did the program go? The main thrust of our feedback said: “The program was very good.” “The music was meaningful.” “I learned about myself with better understanding of Scripture.” “Some of the small group discussions were excellent.” “Informative, helpful; the music was uplifting.” “The testimonies were good.” “The large group teachings were helpful.” “Had healing in the areas of forgiveness.” “Good to have the guides to work with.” “The large group teachings and the small group fellowship were meaningful.” “Fr. Roger's teaching was outstanding.” “The Lord showed me things I needed to acknowledge and deal with...” And so on.
Big thanks to everyone who helped. We are looking forward to starting again in the New Year, on Tuesday, 10th January. To help accommodate people who find three hours a bit long, we will be condensing the program to two hours ... from 7 to 9 pm.
- Lyndal Petit
A New Member
A couple of years ago a new member of St Mark’s appeared. He was very different from most of us. He took his shoes off at the back door of the Church, and sat in the front row. His clothes were different from most of ours, and he verbalised to prayers and messages when most of us would think our responses. He did not conform in many ways to “regular procedures.” He took his place in front of the altar rail in a deep kneeling position, demon- strating his unabashed love for his Lord. He often departed before the official end of the service, pronouncing his “thanks to his good friends” for their com- pany during worship. He would sometimes ask Roger for a blessing before departing the building.“Good Shepherd”
As time went on, more members would greet him at the Peace and he began to join in the fellowship of worship, often going through much of the congregation, spreading his prayer for God’s love and peace.
One Sunday he was missing and we wondered if he slept in or was away for a time. We learned that he had had a heart operation and was recovering. It was no more than two weeks before he was back in his seat at the front of the Church, obviously still in a state of recovery. Fortunately his improvement continued, and soon he was his old self.
We were surprised that he joined in at the Marksmen Breakfasts, and took the position of leader in applause for recognised contributions to the life of the church. But he still tended to remain apart from the remainder of the group, possibly because he did not feel comfortable.
I became curious about “his story” and committed myself to chatting with him at a breakfast.
The story is as follows.
When he was a young child his mother always took the family to Mass. I got the idea that there was no choice but also no particular resistance. As he grew older he became associated with the drinking fraternity and “sort of lost his way.” He recognised the error in his direction eventually and rid himself of the habit. His only addiction today is for coffee; he says he would walk a mile for a cup. He pleads for understanding of the alcoholic; their life is a difficult one that only an alcoholic really understands.
Somewhere in his rehabilitation he came in contact with a minister in the United Church in Oxford Mills. I believe her name was Rev. Fair. That was a step on his road to redemption, and ultimately lead to him finding St Mark’s.
His life now is almost solely in anticipation of the next service, where he can pray to his Lord and gain support for his life. He says that after the service is over he can hardly wait for the week to pass so he can come again.
This loyal Christian disappeared for a while. Enquiries by Roger of his sister, with whom he lived, revealed that he had been granted entry to a seniors’ home. We were all very happy that he had found a good place for living out his days.
One day Roger was visiting a residence, as he frequently does, and from out of the blue he heard a familiar roar… “Roger.” Sure enough, it was our faithful Christian, overjoyed to renew acquaintance.
This is a story of a new member with a passion for worship. It is wonderful that we can be a part of it. The saddest note to this story is that I cannot remember his name.
- George McGill
HEALTHY WORKSummer is officially over, and I can hardly believe how fast it has gone by. It has been a very hot summer, and that has caused difficulty for many of you by restricting your ability to go outside, or get exercise. Hopefully, now that the temperature has become more moderate, you can get out for a walk, sit out in your garden and just enjoy the outdoors.
from the Parish Nurse
September is Arthritis Month. Many people listed arthritis as a health concern and also a topic of interest for health education on the Needs Assessment I conducted last year. On Monday, September 26th, from 1:30-3:00pm a speaker from the Arthritis Society will be leading all interested in an information session on this topic. Subjects to be discussed will include: “What is Arthritis”, common forms, exercise, how to manage when you have a form of the disease, dealing with your doctor, medications, complementary therapies, programs and services available to help you, and the role of the Arthritis Society in Ontario. Check out my bulletin board for information and pamphlets on arthritis. I also hope to implement a program this fall called “Healthy Changes / Healthy Habits,” developed by Ottawa University nursing students. It helps people set goals to make changes in their lifestyles, whether it is healthier eating, increased exercise or stress reduction. Watch for upcoming announcements about this and other health education sessions.
I continue to be available 10 hours per week for health education, health counseling and referrals, or other health needs you may have. I will be working every Wednesday as well as either Monday or Thursday each week. You can reach me at 224-7431.
As you are reading this, the Labour Day weekend has already gone by. Leisure is an important aspect of holistic health, but so also is work. When we consider work, we are talking about all of our efforts directed towards the accomplishment of something. This can take place inside or outside the home, paid or unpaid. Even those who are sick, confined to home or bed, have tasks to get through in the day. Work has been given to us as a gift from God. Healthy work has God at the centre. If we can keep God at the centre of our efforts, we can experience more joy in our work. We work to give glory to God, to provide for families or ourselves, and to provide useful service for the rest of creation. Paul encourages us “in whatever you do, in word or deed, do everything in the name of the Lord Jesus, giving thanks to God through him” (Colossians 3:17). May God help all of us to reflect His love in all of our labours.
- Patti Robillard
Need a Lift? HAVE a Lift?The approach of winter means more to some than breaking out parkas and shovelling snow – it means a severe curtailing of mobility. Many seniors who still drive their own cars venture out less and less in sub-zero weather, often due to the fear of not reacting fast enough behind the wheel in icy conditions.
Several members of St Mark’s already provide a driving service: they pick up parishioners at home, deliver them to Church functions, and take them home again. However, as the temperature drops, the demand increases. Also, it is necessary to note that, for all the good intentions in the world, a one-way service because the driver has other commitments afterwards can literally leave people out in the cold. Some folks hardly venture out at all during the winter, afraid that they might have trouble getting home, or reluctant to impose upon friends. These people are still members of our family, and they deserve to have their needs met. Volunteers are needed to meet those needs.
If anyone is interested in joining “Operation Stagecoach” and becoming a DRIVEN DRIVER, please contact Lorraine Ross at 820-7528.
Meditation:I was distracted from my prayer that morning. It was more than the normal lack of concentration, and that didn’t help. It’s sometimes easy to be distracted and fragmented while at prayer. It’s not easy to remain focussed. Then I read the scripture for the day: Acts 17:28 – “for it is in him that we live and move and have our being”. Then I thought that’s it – it’s living and moving and having our being – it’s about movement, about distraction, about being aware of what’s happening around us. Isn’t it?
I love to visit the park near me, and often I sit quietly on the park bench. It has some beautiful touches of nature, and it’s a place where I can feel close to God. However, even this quiet is filled with distractions. I am aware of the twitter of the redwing blackbirds, and if I sit long enough and quietly enough, I can hear something else in the reeds. It is the gentle lifting of wide wings, and suddenly I am distracted from whatever my thoughts are to the gentle lifting of a blue heron suddenly taking flight.
We can and should be focussed on certain things. Yet we cannot ignore what is going on around us. We need to pay attention to the beauty of our environment. Not to do so, would be to miss too many of God’s gifts. Our awareness helps us to pay attention to where God is in the midst of us, and what his message is to us.
God comes to us in our stillness, but there is a certain movement that happens that helps us become aware of his presence. For the Spirit of God blows where it will, and we do not know where that may be (John 3:8). It may be a distraction from where our attention was in the beginning. It may be that we will need to re-focus our attention. It happens when we are still, when we are quiet, and yes when we are at prayer.
During your time of rest and re-creation this summer, where did you become aware of the movement of God within your life? What did God show you? What message did you receive?
- Marion Stalter
PAR is painlessThe next time you put cash on the collection plate, stop and reflect a bit. From the giving point of view, all donations support the Church and we could not do without it. Thank you. We cannot say that often enough.
However, from a money-handling point of view, cash is a pain. It is labour-intensive because we have to count it and it takes a couple of hours per week of hard work. Cash is also high-risk because anyone can take it and it cannot be traced. We have had cash stolen from the Church office before, and none of it has ever been recovered. Churches are easy targets for anyone who needs cash because we are trusting and caring.
Better than cash is a cheque. It is easier to handle and far less risk, although we still have to record it. Best of all is the Pre-Authorised Remittance (PAR) system, where your donation is transferred every month from your bank account to the Church’s account. All paperwork is done electronically. Nothing has to be counted. Nothing is at risk.
You can start PAR anytime. And a phone call will stop PAR - no questions asked. Ask Connie Bowerman at 225-7904 for details.
Deny Save Good Forfeit Self Life Gain Soul Cross
Lose Whole Give Follow Find World Exchange
Then Jesus said to His disciples,
“If anyone would come after Me, he must deny himself and take up his cross and follow Me.” (Matthew 12:24 – NIV)
- Puzzle created with Vocabulary Worsheet Factory
From the Church School Co-ordinators
Janis and I have been truly blessed by the children in our Church School. To be part of their journey with our Lord, seeing them come to understand the power of God's love and grace, has enriched our own journey with the Lord.
We have great plans for this year, some new activities and some of the regular ones as well. Keep your eye on the bulletin and "Mark This Word" for updates and upcoming events.
In the plans are a new web-page for kids, and we will be starting the planning for our Advent Adventure. The Church School Bulletin board will be updated with the crafts and activities, so drop by and see what we are up to.
Serving the Lord any way we can!
- Janis & Michael Perkin
The Parish of St. Mark the Evangelist1606 Fisher Ave, Ottawa, ON K2C 1X6
Anglican Church of Canada
Tel: (613) 224-7431 * Fax: (613) 224-7454 * e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Newsletter editor: Sheila Vaudrey e-mail: email@example.com
Mark This Word Archives: February 2005 May 2005